Valira Torrent - bulletin of the Andorran Philatelic Study Circle. Issue 47, pp8-9 (March 1998).

Copyright notice

Spanish Co-Princes of Andorra

By David Hope

In the period 1979 to 1986 the Spanish Post Office in Andorra issued eight stamps showing Bishops of Seo de Urgel.

Pere d'Urtx Pere d'Urtx (Urg in Spanish) was Bishop from 1269 to 1293. Consequently he was the first bishop to be Co-Prince of Andorra after the Pareage of 1278 with Roger Bernard III, Count of Foix.
Josep de Boltas was born in Oran. A Franciscan, he was ordained bishop and became Co-Prince on 31 March 1785. During his reign he developed important legislative work; in particular promoting social amelioration, the economy, health and the security of the country. During the turbulent period of the French Revolution he steered a course of neutrality thus avoiding the problems faced by France and Spain. He died in 1795. Josep de Boltas
Josep Caixal Estradé Josep Caixal Estradé was Bishop and Co-Prince from 1853 to 1879. He was therefore Co-Prince during the turbulent period leading up to the New Reform of 1866 which gave the parishes the right to elect the General Council.
Salvador Casañas i Pagés was Bishop and Co-Prince from 1879 to 1901. In particular he defended the Catalan identity of the Andorrans during the years 1882, 1884 and 1895 when the French were attempting to absorb Andorra into France. Salvador Casañas i Pagés
Joan Laguarda Fenollera Joan Laguarda Fenollera was Bishop and Co-Prince from 1902 to 1905. He was distinguished for his social and legal work. At the end of 1909 he became Bishop of Barcelona.
Joan Benlloch Vivó was Bishop and Co-Prince from 1907 to 1919. He was a popular Co-Prince. He ordered the building of road connecting Andorra la Vella to Seo de Urgel resulting in better communications. His name is remembered in Plaça del Bisbe Benlloch in Andorra la Vella. He, along with members of the General Council, appeared on the 1pta, 4pta and 10pta stamps of the 1929 issue of Spanish Andorra. Joan Benlloch Vivó
Justi Guitart i Vilardebo Monseigneur Justi Guitart i Vilardebo was born in Barcelona on 16 December 1875. He was ordained a priest in 1901. While Vicar General of the diocese of Barcelona he was approached to become Bishop of Urgel and was consecrated on 23 May 1920. On 27 July he took the oath as Sovereign Prince of the Valleys of Andorra. He introduced electricity and encouraged the construction of roads. He helped establish the Spanish Postal service in Andorra. He died at Barcelona on 30 January 1940.
Ramon Iglesias Navarri was Bishop and Co-Prince from 1942 to 1969. He upheld the status quo of the Principality in the Second World War, and strongly promoted the Spanish influence in Andorra. It was during in his time that tourism developed and Andorra became more well-known. Ramon Iglesias Navarri

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