Valira Torrent - bulletin of the Andorran Philatelic Study Circle.
Issue 47, pp8-9 (March 1998).
Spanish Co-Princes of Andorra
By David Hope
In the period 1979 to 1986 the Spanish Post Office in Andorra issued
eight stamps showing Bishops of Seo de Urgel.
Pere d'Urtx (Urg in Spanish) was Bishop from 1269
to 1293. Consequently he was the first bishop to
be Co-Prince of Andorra after the Pareage of 1278
with Roger Bernard III, Count of Foix.
Josep de Boltas was born in Oran. A Franciscan, he
was ordained bishop and became Co-Prince on 31
March 1785. During his reign he developed
important legislative work; in particular promoting
social amelioration, the economy, health and the
security of the country. During the turbulent
period of the French Revolution he steered a course
of neutrality thus avoiding the problems faced by
France and Spain. He died in 1795.
Josep Caixal Estradé was Bishop and Co-Prince
from 1853 to 1879. He was therefore Co-Prince
during the turbulent period leading up to the New
Reform of 1866 which gave the parishes the right
to elect the General Council.
Salvador Casañas i Pagés was Bishop and Co-Prince
from 1879 to 1901. In particular he defended the
Catalan identity of the Andorrans during the years
1882, 1884 and 1895 when the French were attempting
to absorb Andorra into France.
Joan Laguarda Fenollera was Bishop and Co-Prince
from 1902 to 1905. He was distinguished for his
social and legal work. At the end of 1909 he
became Bishop of Barcelona.
Joan Benlloch Vivó was Bishop and Co-Prince from
1907 to 1919. He was a popular Co-Prince. He
ordered the building of road connecting Andorra la
Vella to Seo de Urgel resulting in better
communications. His name is remembered in Plaça
del Bisbe Benlloch in Andorra la Vella. He, along
with members of the General Council, appeared on
the 1pta, 4pta and 10pta stamps of the 1929 issue
of Spanish Andorra.
Monseigneur Justi Guitart i Vilardebo was born in
Barcelona on 16 December 1875. He was ordained a
priest in 1901. While Vicar General of the diocese
of Barcelona he was approached to become Bishop of
Urgel and was consecrated on 23 May 1920. On 27
July he took the oath as Sovereign Prince of the
Valleys of Andorra. He introduced electricity and
encouraged the construction of roads. He helped
establish the Spanish Postal service in Andorra. He
died at Barcelona on 30 January 1940.
Ramon Iglesias Navarri was Bishop and Co-Prince
from 1942 to 1969. He upheld the status quo of
the Principality in the Second World War, and
strongly promoted the Spanish influence in
Andorra. It was during in his time that tourism
developed and Andorra became more well-known.
Articles index |
Andorran Philatelic Study Circle /
Hon. Librarian: E. J. Jewell / firstname.lastname@example.org /
Updated 2nd April 1999